2nd method which is more modern is "the stitchless hair transplant procedure" (FUE- Follicular Unit Extraction hair transplant). This does not involve removal of strip or stitches. The Grafts are individually extracted from the scalp. This although a lengthy procedure has faster healing in only 4-5 days usually and is practically discomfort free postoperatively. This being stitch less does not leave any linear scar in the donor area and therefore allows more modern short hair style. These are its advantages over the conventional strip method.It a complete myth that FUE does not leave scar or is a scar less procedure. It only leaves no linear scar. But on complete shaving of head there are multiple punctuate scars are visible and the overall scarring is more than that of strip method. The strip method has better quality of grafts compared to FUE and therefore survival rate of the grafts will be 95% whereas that of FUE is 80 to 90%. FUE due to its nature and advantages cost more. The cost is Rs. 75 per graft.
As commonly believed FUE is stitchless hair transplant method but it is certainly not a scar less method. Well for your information the accumulated scarring of the FUE is more than the linear scar of strip method (FUT). Scars are visible in both methods if the head is completely shaved. The strip method is the method where grafts are cut under magnified vision therefore graft quality is much superior to the blind extraction for the grafts in FUE.
Although the donor healing in FUE is 3-5 days earlier than that of strip method in case of the recipient healing is the same period.
For large number of grafts (say over 1500 grafts); in Strip method you need anaesthetic pain only once where as in FUE you have to have that of 2 -3 consecutive days. In FUE you have to sleep in uncomfortable position for long hours for some times 6-8 hours daily for 2-3 days.
We now also offer something that is latest what is called "Trichophytic Closure" of Donor site. The usual method of donor area stitches leave a linear scar that does not grow hair but the "Trichophytic method" grows the hair through that scar. This has the advantage that the scar remains invisible even with short donor area hair ( even by about half inch length). This procedure additionally costs INR 10,000 this is only if you chose to go for it. It is not the part of the routine procedure. It takes a week to 10 days for the stitch and the scabs to get clear. Except for some tightness in the donor site & swelling and scabs for first few days procedure is very safe. You may avoid tobacco in any form and exercise for a week but there are no dietary restrictions. Hair wash is possible from next day. The Transplanted hairs start growing usually by 3-6 months. The hair become combable by 8-10 months and the full blown result should be expected by about one to one and a half year.
As for the success rate at least 85-95% of the grafted roots will certainly grow the hair in every patient. In medical profession we do not give written guarantee but we certainly standby our results. It is important to keep realistic expectation; Transplant can improve your current looks by increasing density or by giving the cover to the bald area but it may not match your original density of hair at times. Smoking does affect the hair transplant growth adversely and avoid it few days before and for few months after.